a. How this topic relates to corrections as the over arching branch.
b. The amount of available empirical evidence on that topic. For instance, you may be very interested in the potential relationship between who people barrack for in the AFL and their risk of imprisonment. Although this topic is relevant to corrections, it is unlikely that there is much research into this issue. As such, it would be a poor choice for this essay. You should include a minimum of 5 peerreviewed
research articles in your essay.
c. Your understanding of the empirical evidence on that topic. Your goal is to understand, integrate, synthesise, and discuss the current state of knowledge on your topic. Think back to the research articles you have read in the past—some were likely easy to understand, whereas others were so filled with numbers and jargon that you couldn’t even figure out what they were saying, let alone determine if the evidence supported their claims. In order to succeed in this assignment, you need to demonstrate that you understand their research design, their hypotheses, and their main results. Once you understand what they did and what they found, you can integrate the findings from multiple studies to present a complete picture of our current knowledge on your topic.
In the essay, you must:
a. Clearly state your research question or topic of interest, and explain what you
thought about this issue before you did any research.
b. Discuss the current state of knowledge based on the available empirical evidence. Do not simply list the results from several studies. Instead, you need to integrate, analyse, and synthesise these results into a coherent story about what we know and still need to find out to better understand the topic of interest. Note: I use the term “current” loosely; some of the most important research in an area may be from the 1970s (e.g., I regularly cite studies published before I was born because they shaped the field of eyewitness psychology). You should consider, however, whether this theory is still widely accepted in the field (and why) or whether it has developed over time.
c. In your conclusion, discuss whether the evidence supported your original beliefs. Also discuss whether the current corrections system needs to change based on this science.
Please use the following as a reference
Stinchcomb, J.B. (2011). Corrections: Foundations for the future (2nd Ed), New York: Routledge.
An focus on Australia would be good but is not necessary.

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