ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Benefits and Risks of Reliance on Foreign Labour in Economic and Social Terms With Reference To Malaysia and Singapore

Ho, Yi-Jian, and Adam D. Tyson. 2011. Malaysian Migration to Singapore: Pathways, Mechanisms and Status. Malaysian Journal of Economic Studies 48(2): 131-145.

Empirical Focus

In this article, the authors seek to demonstrate how Malaysian migration trends and brain drain have turned out to be highly salient problems. The authors argue that the discourse of Malaysian migration tends to concentrate on individuals that are highly skilled and overshadows other types of Malaysian migration. Besides that, the authors try to highlight the growing complexity of brain drain and migration by comparing the case of Singaporean ASEAN scholars with low-skilled labour from Malaysia working in Singapore.

Critical Analysis

The authors observed that the migrant labourers’ status as working class was excluded and vulnerable. They observed that the position held by East Malaysians in Singapore was slightly elevated as compared to the one held by other migrants from Bangladesh, Myanmar and other countries. More importantly, the authors observed that the innovations attributed to competition between Talent Capital Singapore and Malaysia’s Talent Corporation have economically transformed both countries.

Ismail, Rahmah, and Ferayuliani Yuliyusman. 2014. Foreign Labour on Malaysian Growth. Journal of Economic Integration 29(4): 657-675.

Empirical Focus

In this study, the authors analyse the effect of foreign labour on Malaysian economic growth by reviewing data gathered between 1990 and 2010 from three sectors: construction, services, and manufacturing. The authors seek to exhibit that semi-skilled and skilled foreign labours significantly and positively influenced the output growth in both the long run and short run. Their empirical evidence pointed out that the unskilled foreign labour affected output growth adversely.

Critical Analysis

Their study results demonstrate that the benefits associated with hiring both semi-skilled and skilled foreign labours are achieved in the long run, although make an insignificant contribution in the short run. Still, unskilled labours, regardless of whether local or foreign, negatively impacted the economic growth. It is very challenging to retain foreign labours in Malaysia for an extended period of time. For that reason, it is imperative for Malaysia to provide a more competitive working environment and wage structure so as to retained skilled migrants.

Kaur, Amarjit. 2010. Labour migration trends and policy challenges in Southeast Asia. Policy and Society 29(4): 385-397.

Empirical Focus

In this study, the author examines the migration trends against the backdrop of mounting regionalism as well as the migration corridors and regional migration systems’ development. The author also studies the establishment of gendered migration linkages and the “new world domestic order” that has led to the growth of the care-giving migration and domestic work sector.

Critical Analysis

The author observed that Southeast Asia’s contemporary labour migration mainly involves south-south migrations as well as regional labour movements. In Malaysia and Singapore, the author observed that men are mostly hired in jobs avoided by locals and are largely remunerated poorly as compared to national. The author also observed that migrant workers normally work under terrible working conditions despite the fact that their efforts allows these countries to remain competitive in the international economy.

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