Describe the general structure of the macromolecule you have chosen

Essay question:


Choose a biologically important macromolecule (e.g., carbohydrate, protein, lipid, nucleic acid).


  • Describe the general structure of the macromolecule you have chosen. Also provide two specific examples of the macromolecule and explain how these two examples are structurally and functionally
  • Describe how these macromolecules are used in cellular respiration (are they commonly used or not, if they are explain how, if they are not explain why not)
  • Describe one part of the cytoanatomy or other components of a cell (e.g., organelles, cytoskeleton, information storage) that this macromolecule contributes to and detail what special abilities that macromolecule gives that part of the cell. In other words, what is it about the macromolecule structure that enables that part of the cell to complete its function?



What is the aim of this assessment?


In terms of skill development, this assessment is specifically designed to develop your initial skills in interpreting a question, researching the topic, organising material, making a plan, critical thinking about what should be presented (due to restricted time and space), and structuring a clear written expression of your understanding.



In terms of understanding content, this assessment uses the principles of the repeated access of information in different forms to increase depth and integration of understanding. The essay and outline are structured to span several weeks of content material and gives you a framework for integrating them. We are intentionally providing you with an example of how anatomy and physiology is an integrative science and this should be kept in mind while studying this and other units.




The outline can be no more than 350 words long and must be submitted with a signed assignment cover sheet attached (electronic form).




Below are the sub-headings to be used for your Outline of Essay (the subheadings and a description of what is expected under each heading and the approximate space that should be used are provided in the table below).


Sub-heading Guide to contents Approximate size
Macromolecule Simply state which macromolecule you choose, only for this point you can put a one word answer One or two words
Structure Briefly describe the general structure of your macromolecule (in terms of the elements involved and their arrangement, functional groups etc.) Two or three sentences
Examples of Macromolecule Briefly describe and compare two specific examples of the macromolecule (these are examples of the macromolecules, not groups of macromolecules and not the food groups) Three or four sentences
Cellular Respiration Briefly state which cellular respiration process(es) extract energy from this macromolecule (it is expected you will discuss several processes or provide several points why your macromolecule in not used in these processes of cellular respiration) Four or five sentences
Cytoanatomy Give two examples of how the macromolecule is used as part of the cytoanatomy of the cell. State the parts of the cytoanatomy (e.g., organelles, cytoskeleton, information storage) and what it is about the macromolecule that makes this possible. Three or four sentences
Sources Two references of the main sources you have used. References must be accurately referenced using the “ECU Referencing Guide” which is available on Blackboard under “Assignments” and “Essay”. Two references
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