HISTORY OF BUSINESS ETHICS AND STAKEHOLDER THEORY IN AMERICA; CASE OF Lockheed Martin’s

Module 1 – Case
THE HISTORY OF BUSINESS ETHICS AND STAKEHOLDER THEORY IN AMERICA
Assignment Overview
The first part of your reading in Daniel Terris’ book will include an overview of Lockheed Martin’s organization and will lay out the research plan that Terris used to obtain information necessary for his work. This will be followed by a general overview of the evolution of business ethics in America.
Case Assignment
Towards the end of Chapter 1 of Daniel Terris’ book (2005) he points out that the five ‘strands of thought’ discussed in the chapter represent ‘shades of emphasis’ in the field of corporate ethics and he claims that it is difficult for corporations to elude scrutiny across the board at all times. He then contends that:
Patching up a single [workplace ethics] problem will likely satisfy no one in the long run, when problems emerge in new and unforeseen areas. But this is just another way of saying that corporate ethics is a continuous process, rather than the rollout of a single product. What the history suggests is that responding to discrete problems of corruption or exploitation is a short-term fix. The challenge is to develop an approach that is sufficiently supple, dynamic, and self-critical to engage ethics issues in their most fundamental—and therefore most threatening—dimension.
Please compose a 4- to 5-page argumentative essay in support of the last sentence in his statement. “The challenge is to develop an approach that is sufficiently supple, dynamic, and self-critical to engage ethics issues in their most fundamental— and therefore most threatening— dimension” (Terris, 2005) in light of the materials discussed in Chapter 1.
Use historical examples from your text reading and do some research on your own (and/or provide legitimate examples) to support your key points and arguments.
Assignment Expectations
Your paper should be double-spaced and in 12-point type size.
Your paper should have a separate cover page and a separate reference page containing the full citations corresponding to the in-text citations you choose to use in the body of your paper. So in addition to the 4 to 5 page body of your paper you will have a title page and a reference page. So overall, you will be submitting a 6 to 7 page document.
Use APA style, and proofread your paper.

Module 1 – SLP
THE HISTORY OF BUSINESS ETHICS AND STAKEHOLDER THEORY IN AMERICA
Business Ethics and Stakeholder Management
For your SLP this session you will be asked to review four articles on business ethics from our TLC Library. You will review one paper each in Modules 1 through 4. In the final module you will also be asked to integrate some of your thoughts from your paper reviews.
In this SLP we will be reviewing an article that covers the concept of stakeholder management. Stakeholders are important to consider in significant business related decisions. This is because organizational decisions – especially substantial decisions involving significant resource allocations/re-allocations – tend to impact various stakeholder groups as you will be reminded in your reading. These stakeholders may have the power to impact the organization’s success.
Assignment Instructions:
In this assignment you will be asked to apply stakeholder management theory to the following scenario.
A public corporation of 980 employees manufactures a popular brand of garments (mostly jeans) that are primarily made and sold in America nation-wide. It has a large contingent of employees in several small rural communities in the Eastern US and is the primary employer in all of those communities. Two if its 5 shops are unionized but the union and management have a good working relationship. The company has traditionally marketed its clothing line as “Made in the USA” and attracted a bit of a “cult like” following as a result, but an outside consulting firm has suggested that significantly greater profits are possible if a different strategy is employed. The corporation is subsequently considering whether to off-shore its manufacturing facilities to a poor nation to save money on labor. It would also discretely discontinue its “Made in the USA” marketing ads and hopefully ride the wave of its previous marketing campaigns for a while. It is estimated that total cost per unit of production will be decreased by one third which equates to tens of millions of dollars.
Please write a 3 page paper in which you 1). Summarize key points from your reading, and 2). Include a brief stakeholder analysis narrative of the scenario described above considering different stakeholder groups that may benefit or be negatively impacted in this scenario. Make sure you demonstrate your understanding of the stakeholder management concepts presented in the reading. For instance, who might be considered to be the primary stakeholders? Are there any secondary stakeholders? How powerful are the respective stakeholder groups? Finally, make a recommendation regarding the scenario based on your analysis.
SLP Assignment Expectations
Your 3 (or more) page paper should be double-spaced and in 12-point type.
Your paper should have a separate cover page and if you are using any in-text citations then a separate reference page.

Module 2 – Case
ETHICAL DECISION MAKING IN DIFFICULT SITUATIONS
Assignment Overview
Moving Toward an Ethical Workplace
As you can see from your reading for the case assignment Lockheed Martin has a very interesting history and this history has had an impact on where the company is today with respect to its existing ethics program.
Case Assignment
After reading Chapter 2 of the text, please write a 4-5 page essay that addresses the following:
Considering Lockheed’s past and some of the ethics related issues they (and other defense contractors) experienced in past decades, identify and describe what you consider to be some of the key turning points in the organization that ultimately led to a genuine effort to institute a working ethics program at Lockheed. What were some of the things they did to initiate the company’s ethics program and why do you think so much effort needs to be expended to affect cultural change at a company like Lockheed?
Assignment Expectations
Your paper should be 4 to 5 pages, should be double-spaced and in 12-point type size.
Your paper should have a separate cover page and a separate reference page.
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Module 2 – SLP
ETHICAL DECISION MAKING IN DIFFICULT SITUATIONS
Pragmatic Business Ethics
Please read the article identified in your background reading.
De Cremer, D., & de Bettignies, H. (2013). Pragmatic Business Ethics. Business Strategy Review, 24(2), 64-67. Retrieved from Trident University Library.
According to De Cremer and de Bettignies (2013), over reliance on internal organizational controls can result in a moral amnesia. In two to three pages please discuss whether you believe this to be an accurate observation. What might cause a person to set his or her values aside? …or even look past an organizational value that requires workers to always do the right thing? Apply your critical thinking skills in answering these questions.
SLP Assignment Expectations
Please take some time to review the materials and take a position on the issue. Write a 2- to 3-page assessment of the authors’ claims, and your assessment of what might be done in a place of business to prevent the “moral amnesia” phenomenon from taking a foothold in a place of business.
Your paper should be double-spaced and in 12-point type size.
Your paper should have a separate cover page and a separate reference page in addition to the body of your paper.
Module 3 – Case
BUILDING AN ETHICS-BASED WORKPLACE CULTURE
Assignment Overview
Ethics Program Implementation
As you can see by your reading, a lot of energy goes into the implementation of an organizational ethics program. And Lockheed Martin has clearly allotted considerable resources to assuring their program is successful. In this assignment we’ll be focusing on what the company did to assure the the implementation of a successful program that was flexible enough to accommodate the changing needs of the organization.
Case Assignment
In a 4- to 5-page paper, identify three or four of the initiatives put forth by Lockheed Martin that you consider to have the biggest bang for the buck (so to speak) and discuss why you believe these initiatives have a significant impact on the company’s program. You may use anything presented in the text from this or the previous module in your discussion.
Assignment Expectations
Write a 4- to 5-page paper, not including title page or references page addressing the issue and upload it by the end of this module.
Your paper should be double-spaced and in 12-point type size.
Your paper should have a separate cover page and a separate reference page.

Module 3 – SLP
BUILDING AN ETHICS-BASED WORKPLACE CULTURE
The Chief Ethics Officer
Assignment Overview
In this assignment you will be asked to consider the role of a Chief Ethics and Compliance Officer. Many large corporations have such an individual who provides leadership and oversight to the company’s business ethics related endeavors. Recall that Lockheed Martin has such an executive level position. However, not all companies have such a position. In this assignment you will be asked to discuss the role of the Ethics Officer and to do some additional research to consider what smaller organizations might do with respect to providing leadership in the area of organizational ethics.
Assignment Instructions
In this assignment please provide a short overview of your reading and describe the role of the chief ethics (and compliance) officer. Not all companies can afford to have somebody at the executive level overseeing organizational ethics. Please do some additional research and consider who you believe would assume this leadership function for a smaller corporation.
SLP Assignment Expectations
Your paper should be 3–4 pages, double-spaced and in 12-point type size.
Your paper should have a separate cover page and a separate reference page.
Priv Module 4 – Case
ORGANIZATIONAL ETHICS AND CSR
Assignment Overview
A Critique of Lockheed Martin
In this assignment you will be asked to review the final chapter of Terris’ text book and to spend some time applying your critical thinking skills in evaluating Lockheed Martin’s efforts.
Case Assignment
After reading through the chapter please take some time to answer the following questions in 4-5 pages regarding the company’s ethics program efforts:
What is Lockheed Martin doing right? What do they need to do to improve?
Assignment Expectations
Your paper should be 4–5 pages, double-spaced, and in 12-point type size.
Your paper should have a separate cover page and a separate reference page.
Module 4 – SLP
ORGANIZATIONAL ETHICS AND CSR
Corporate Social Responsibility
Assignment Overview
In this assignment please read the article by Popa & Salanta. Then, please provide an overview in which you integrate your SLP readings on stakeholder theory, ethical decision making, ethics program leadership and the most recent reading on corporate social responsibility.
Assignment Instructions
In a 4- to 5-page paper discuss how, and to what extent these ethics based concepts intertwine in ethically grounded organizations? That is, what role does stakeholder management play? What must be done to make sure employees are ethically grounded when facing difficult situations? What role does the Ethics Officer play in orchestrating the ethics related efforts of the organization? And how does the operational efforts related to organizational ethics tie to the concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (if at all)?
SLP Assignment Expectations
Your paper should be 4–5 pages, double-spaced and in 12-point type size.
Your paper should have a separate cover page and a separate reference page.

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