Informal Proposal

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Below I have attached an example for what the proposal should look like and how it should be. Base the one you write off that one below.


Dear Dr. Kelly Robinson, Manager of Student Accessibility Services

Accessible pathways are important to a wide range of people, especially those with a physical disability, as these paths create safe and secure methods of travel for commuting residents and guests. The Ithaca College main campus is situated on a hill, so these pathways are vital to those who may be unable to climb stairways and are looking for a safe, reliable way to travel. Safety is an issue that Ithaca College takes very seriously, and within this lies a great opportunity to both improve safety and inclusion and give the campus a greater appeal towards a wider audience of prospective students. Ithaca College has done much to improve the wellbeing of its students and faculty by providing accessible pathways and ramps for those with a physical disability, but there is room to do so much more.
As it is now, there are only a few ramps on campus that allow those who cannot travel by stair access to key locations at Ithaca. The easy path to walk is to ignore those who the college can aid and keep things as they are now. Ithaca College has not seen any drastic consequences for this gap in accessibility, other than some warnings, therefor to change such ways is not of great importance. Beyond this, there are also areas on campus that can be dangerous to traverse during certain times of day or during inclimate weather. Rather than avoid these problems, we can build on the strengths of our students body and reinforce the idea that ithaca College is an inclusive space for all. With the addition of a few ramps in key locations and the development of a sidewalk that better connects the Circle Apartments to campus, students and faculty can focus less on potential obstacles, and more on maximizing their academic potential.
In an article published by The Ithacan in 2017, Borruto goes on to explain how Ithaca College was under investigation by the U.S Department of Education’s Office of Civil Rights in 2009. “The OCR delivered a resolution to the college in 2015 following an investigation into a confidential complaint of inaccessibility against the college filed in 2009” (Borruto 2017). Within that report were four allegations that had campus-wide reach, from handicap-accessible parking spaces to curb ramps that connected to Williams Hall. After this investigation was concluded, the college affirmed that they would make changes to the campus in compliance with the pressure set on them by the OCR. Since then the college has seen multiple new handicap-accessible parking spaces created, ramps and lifts to the dining halls, and numerous accessible entrances to Williams Hall. Though the college compiled and restructured the campus to better improve access to these areas, they have opened themselves up to repeat past mistakes.
Since the 2015 investigation, Ithaca College has set in motion numerous small improvements to the campus over time that have better supported those with a need for accessibility. Due to there being ramps in a few locations and means of entry to each major dining area, the campus can skirt by as it is and appear to the outside public as an accessible college campus. Supporting the minimum standard can only last so long as it may only be a matter a time before another confidential complaint is filed to the OCR again. The Ithaca College that we broadcast and sell to our prospective students is a college that stands out above the rest because of its uniqueness and desire to cater and foster a community that is diverse and inclusive. For those who are considered outcasts or those with disabilities not cared for by others, Ithaca College can appear to be a safe haven where they can confide themselves in. Arriving to campus and surveying its layout in person, may sadly convey a different image and rip that hope away from a prospective student or faculty member.
As the the college stands now, there are multiple areas where improvements can be made to better advance the welfare of students and faculty with or without disability. The college has the ability to surpass expectation by not only updating the campus to be more accessible, but to also expand the infrastructure of its pathways to aid in safety. The level of which the college can take advantage of this opportunity is expansive, with more attention providing even greater reward. The changes that can be made to Ithaca College are within budget and certainly within the values that Ithaca College strive to uphold and broadcast to its prospective students and community. By supporting a sidewalk from the Circle Apartments

WIthout getting too complicated, the basic costs and information that you need to know is the type of material. Also, having an idea the distance that you would use the material for, which would be usage. Knowing the Vendor, which is where the material comes from is important because that reflects the unit price. The unit price is how much is being paid for the material, which the vendor determines the cost of. Additionally, knowing the equipment type, how many hours it will be used and the cost per hour shows what will be used to build and design the bridge. Lastly, knowing the different types of people that would need to be hired, the length they would need to work and their hourly wage helps determine how much would the installation of the ramp is. To stress below is a hypothetical example, to explain the main points that need to be considered when designing a ramp. If you would like more information the appendices has a more thorough budget.

Material Description
Unit Price
Equipment (Type, duration, Cost,
Labor to Install (Worker, Hours, Cost)
5-cubic yards
Ace Concrete
$100.00 per cubic yard
4 hours
$50.00 per hour

6 hours
$75.00 per hour
Equipment Operator
20 Hours
$65.00 per hour

60 hours
$55.00 per hour

Cement Masons
$75.00 per hour

$70.00 per hour

find the cost of your paper