While the NPM is defined in a variety of ways, it is believed that three inter-related themes namely disaggregation (splitting up large public sector bureaucracies), competition (introducing a purchaser-provider split and creating internal market) and incentivization (linking incentives to performance) capture the essence of the new paradigm well.

Choose any one of the following questions:
(a) While the NPM is defined in a variety of ways, it is believed that three inter-related themes namely disaggregation (splitting up large public sector bureaucracies), competition (introducing a purchaser-provider split and creating internal market) and incentivization (linking incentives to performance) capture the essence of the new paradigm well. Briefly discuss the nature of reforms introduced in these areas in and comment on their impacts and performance with appropriate examples.

(b) How does e-government serve as a tool for fighting poverty and accelerating socioeconomic development in poorer countries? Review e-government literature and identify a few e-government projects that have shown promising results in this regard. What lessons would you like to draw based on the experience of these projects?

(c) To what extent and how has performance management changed under recent reform models/programs? Drawing examples from your own context provide a critical assessment of the current approach to performance management and measurement in the public sector.
Assignment Guidelines & Criteria for Assessment

Each essay will be assessed in terms of whether you have:
•Thoroughly researched your essay topic showing the depth of knowledge beyond core readings
•Clearly identified relevant issues and theories
•Posed critical/ pertinent questions on your selected topic
•Provided adequate support for statements and arguments (with references)
•Shown your ability to analyze and integrate evidence
•Clearly structured and expressed your ideas
•Made observations with lessons and policy implications

2500 words

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