why risk arises in projects, the types of risk and how risk can be minimized by good project management practice



Your coursework requires you to discuss aspects of project management.


Project Management Assignment No.1

‘Projects are considered to be risky enterprises.’

You are to write a short report explaining why risk arises in projects, the types of risk and how risk can be minimized by good project management practice.

The word limit for this coursework is 2000 words.



Learning Outcomes


LO1 Demonstrate extensive knowledge of the concepts and practice of project



Coursework Specification and Corresponding Marks

Marking guide



Skill Area






Research Relevant information appropriate and varied sources 20%
Analysis What is risk and how does it arise

What types or risk can arise in projects

Evaluation How can good project management practice minimize risk 30%
Report format Structure, use of diagrams etc., spelling and grammar, referencing 10%


Guide to Performance Criteria


A++ 90-100 Absolutely outstanding Factually faultless; very clearly directed; excellent coverage and analysis; extensive evidence of supplementary reading; perfectly written and referenced
A+ 80-89 Outstanding answer Factually virtually flawless; clearly directed; comprehensive coverage and analysis; good evidence of supplementary reading; very well written and referenced
A 70-79 Very good answer Factually almost flawless; well directed; evidence of outside reading; very good coverage and analysis; well written and referenced
B 60-69 Comprehensive answer Factually sound; clear and logical; some evidence of outside reading; good coverage and analysis; clearly written and referenced
C 50-59 Adequate answer Accurate but limited to lecture materials; some errors or facts missing; no more than adequate analysis; little or no evidence of outside reading; expression/style/grammar/referencing moderate
D 40-49 Incomplete answer Information sparse with inaccuracies; broadly relevant to the question but poor coverage of lecture material; poor analysis; no sign of outside reading; expression/style/grammar referencing poor
E 26-39 Deficient answer Poorly directed at the question; many omissions or errors but some relevant facts correct; the general drift may appear sensible but understanding and analysis poor; no outside reading; expression/style/grammar/referencing very poor
E- 14-25 Very deficient answer Largely irrelevant to the question; many omissions/errors; no analysis; no outside reading; expression/style/grammar/referencing very poor
E- – 0-13 Totally inadequate Irrelevant to the question; little or no substance/factual material, hence impossible to analyse; approach may be all wrong; no outside reading; expression/style/grammar/referencing dreadful



Academic Misconduct

The University defines Academic Misconduct as ‘any case of deliberate, premeditated cheating, collusion, plagiarism or falsification of information, in an attempt to deceive and gain an unfair advantage in assessment’. The School takes Academic Misconduct very seriously and any suspected cases will be investigated through the University’s standard policy. If you are found guilty, you may be expelled from the University with no award.




Cheating includes:

  • any form of communication with, or copying from, any other source during an examination;
  • communicating during an examination with any person other than an authorised member of staff;
  • introducing any written, printed or other material into an examination (including electronically stored information) other than that specified in the rubric of the examination paper;
  • gaining access to unauthorised material in any way during or before an assessment;
  • the use of mobile phones or any other communication device during an assessment or examination;
  • the submission of false claims of previously gained qualifications, research or experience in order to gain credit for prior learning;
  • the falsification of research data, the presentation of another’s data as one’s own, and any other forms of misrepresentation in order to gain advantage;
  • the submission of work for assessment that has already been submitted as all or part of the assessment for another module without the prior knowledge and consent of the Module Leader for the subsequent assessments;
  • the submission of material purchased or commissioned from a third party, such as an essay-writing service, as one’s own.


Plagiarism is defined as the representation of the work, artefacts or designs, written or otherwise, of any other person, from any source whatsoever, as the student’s own. Examples of plagiarism may be as follows:

  1. the verbatim copying of another’s work without clear identification and acknowledgement including the downloading of materials from the Internet without proper referencing of materials;
  2. ii) the paraphrasing of another’s work by simply changing a few words or altering the order of presentation, without clear identification and acknowledgement;

iii)        the unidentified and unacknowledged quotation of phrases from another’s work;

  1. iv) the deliberate and detailed presentation of another’s concept as one’s own.


Collusion includes:

  • the conscious collaboration, without official approval, between two or more students in the preparation and production of work which is ultimately submitted by each in an identical or substantially similar form and/or is represented by each to be the product of his or her individual efforts;
  • collusion also occurs where there is unauthorised co-operation between a student and another person in the preparation and production of work which is presented as the student’s own.





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